Studii de Biblioteconomie şi Ştiinţa Informării / Library and Information Science Research

ISSN 2392-8107
ISSN-L 1453-5386


Versiunea în limba română Library and Information Science Research


Version francaise


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No. 11/2007


Researches in Library and Information Science

Bo Jarneving - The outbreak of SARS mirrored by bibliometric mapping: Combining bibliographic coupling with the complete link cluster method

In this study a novel method of science mapping is presented which combines bibliographic coupling, as a measure of document-document similarity, with an agglomerative hierarchical cluster method. The focus in this study is on the mapping of so called ‘core documents’, a concept presented first in 1995 by Glänzel and Czerwon.  The term ‘core document’ denote documents that have a central position in the research front in terms of many and strong bibliographic coupling links. The identification and mapping of core documents usually requires a large multidisciplinary research setting and in this study the 2003 volume of the Science Citation Index was applied. From this database, a sub-set of core documents reporting on the outbreak of SARS in 2002 was chosen for the demonstration of the application of this mapping method. It was demonstrated that the method, in this case, successfully identified interpretable research themes and that iterative clustering on two subsequent levels of cluster agglomeration may provide with useful and current information.

Cuvinte cheie: Scientometrics, Bibliometrics, Science Mapping, Bibliographic Coupling, Complete Graphs, Hierarchical Clustering


This article is based on a master thesis exploring how a bookstore chain and a public library meet the needs of their customers through environmental scanning in Spring 2007. The empirical material is derived from semi-structured interviews, and the theoretical framework is based on different models used in the process of environmental scanning. The results indicate that the library perceives the environment as society as a whole and all its members as their users, whereas the bookstore concentrates on the sectors of the environment that affect their selling. The consequences of this are that the library is more active in the environment and uses surveys as a basic source for information while the bookstore is more passive and relies on statistics.

Cuvinte cheie:
Environmental Scanning, Business Intelligence, Competitive Intelligence, Library, Bookstore



Library Services. Information Society


Mircea Regneală - Bayerische Staatsbibliothek of Munich and the access to its collections


The article presents the Bayerische Staatsbibliotek in Munich, the second in Germany as far as its size is concerned, founded in 1558. Besides a series of local duties, this library, together with Deutsche Bibliothek in Frankfurt-am-Main and Staatsbibliothek from Berlin, functions as German national library and it deals with digitizing the materials before 1700. Among its many departments, the manuscripts and rare books one stands out through its impressive collection of incunabula and rare editions printed after 1500.

Cuvinte cheie:
Bayerische Staatsbibliotek, Library, Departments, Digitization, Rare Books

Ionel Enache - Marketing of library services in Europe
 

This paper, based on a few articles written by specialists from different European countries, contains an objective analysis of the way the marketing techniques and instruments are implemented in libraries. In Europe, we can see that library marketing is present in different forms; in some countries it is more intense and in others it is less strong. We will surprisingly discover manifestations of marketing in unexpected places, in less developed countries, with few financial possibilities but opened to this domain and oriented towards the users, and in more developed but traditional countries, marketing techniques are in an incipient phase. Unfortunately, libraries are a long way ahead from this perspective.      

Cuvinte cheie: Marketing, Library Marketing, Promotion

 

Agnes Erich - Library 2.0 A New Service Model For Libraries

The utilization of the new information and communication technologies implies a series of changes concerning the libraries. Currently it is spoken more and more about a new type of service offered by them, Library 2.0, which brings in foreground the user who becomes a modeler of the library services and resources. The information structures customer is not satisfied anymore by the unidirectional access to the resources, he wanted to be involved in the evaluation of them, making comments and sharing his ideas with another user. In this sense the library managers are looking for more efficient means to deliver services so that to obtain a proper feedback which enable them to take the best measures to make profitable them. Library 2.0 can be a solution for all these problems.      

Keywords: Library 2.0, Digital Library, Web 2.0, Blog

Octavia-Luciana Porumbeanu - Education in the Information Society

This article approaches the fundamental role which education has in the information society. The continuous evolution of information and communication technologies requires that all citizens have the necessary skills have to use these technologies and to access information for efficient individual functioning in the information society. In this context, the information literacy programmes have a growing importance.      

Keywords: The Information Society, Education, Information Literacy, Information and Communication Technologies



Bibliography


Zenovia Niculescu - The Functional Characteristics of the Common Subdivisions from the Dewey System


Within the normative architecture of the Dewey system, we meet the main determination of the common subdivisions which have specific forms of expressions. The referential values of the common subdivisions consist in the variety of reflection of different peculiar aspects of information.

Keywords: The Dewey Decimal Classification; Common Subdivisions: characteristics, functionality

Cristina Popescu - A Plea for Bibliography

In the contemporary society, in which the relevant factor is information, it is essential for both the librarians and the beneficiaries of documents, to be familiar with the steps necessary in the information process, the bibliography - with all its forms - having an undeniable role in the process of knowledge. Thus, the consciousness of the necessity of information and the fact that the accurate and complete bibliographic references are at the basis of taking a specialized decision.

Keywords: Bibliography, Culture, Information, Bibliographic Data Bases


Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu (1838-1907) - In Memoriam


Adina Berciu-Drăghicescu - B. P. Hasdeu - a Treasurer of Books and Documents

The article points out to B.P. Hasdeu’s special interest in documents and also in libraries as institutions that shelter manuscripts, varied historical sources, rare books etc. The European archives and libraries where Hasdeu conducted his research are mentioned and his most important printed works based on historical documents are discussed. The conclusion of the article is that B.P. Hasdeu nourished a true passion for documents and his scientific activity was indeed „phenomenal, of a colosal stature”. Hasdeu is indeed „a giant of the Romanian culture” and „a genius of an overwhelming stature”.

Keywords: Archive, Library, Book, Document, Philology, History, Language

Jenica Tabacu - Etymologicum Magnum Romaniae, an Unfulfilled Dream

On the 4th of April 1884, as Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu was the only academician expert in linguistics, he commited himself to the Romanian Academy to write the etymologic dictionary that was to be financially supported by King Carol I. He conceived a „Linguistic Questionnaire” that he sent out to all the counties Romanians inhabited and the answers that he received constituted precious information included in the first three volumes of the Dictionary. After the death of his daughter in 1888, Hasdeu was overwhelmed with grief and he slowed down his scientific work. He felt the call of other horizons and was concerned with other things. The Romanian Academy discharged him of the responsibility of the dictionary in 1897. The fourth volume never came out of print but its ample introduction was issued as a separate book.

Keywords: Hasdeu, Etymology, Dictionary, Linguistics, Questionnaire, Academy, Spiritism

Olga Bălănescu - Insight Essay on Hasdeu

This study is concerned with bringing out into strong relief some unknown aspects of the personality of the great scientist Hasdeu, aspects which are to be found only in his correspondence. We were interested in his correspondence with his little daughter while she was living in Paris together with her mother. What we found out in these letters is the roots of a warm and gentle soul which is to be discovered only in the presence of his family, whom he deeply loved and cared of.

Keywords: Subjective writing, Authenticity, Correspondence, Special aspects of personality, Academic spirit, Loving father, Committed husband

Ioana-Ruxandra Fruntelată - The Romanian Ethnological Terminology in the Works of B. P. Hasdeu

Hasdeu’s polyvalent contribution to the bases of Romanian ethnology is decisive as he has set up the national ethnological tradition and the reference point for all the following ethnological contributions. A list of the ethnological terms used in Hasdeu’s works reflects at the same time the pioneering ways of the founder of the Romanian ethnology (he doubles terms or uses terminological variants for the same object, sometimes he fails to clarify the meaning of some concepts that he introduces) and his exceptional erudition proved by the impressive number of data that he assimilates and analyses in order to build original theories. Hasdeu uses and imposes a series of specialized terms such as variant, type, prototype, archetype (with subdivisions like subtype, subvariant, subarchetype), trying to define and refine the object that was called popular literature or folklore in the second half of the 19th century.

Keywords: B.P. Hasdeu, Ethnology, Terminology, Folklore, Philology, Popular literature