Studii de Biblioteconomie şi Ştiinţa Informării / Library and Information Science Research

ISSN 2392-8107
ISSN-L 1453-5386


Versiunea în limba română Library and Information Science Research


Version française


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No. 18/2014

Knowledge Representation

Silvia-Adriana Tomescu - Knowledge Representation from Classification Schema to Semantic Web (I)

In this essay we aim to investigate knowledge as approach of describing possible worlds through classification schema, taxonomies, ontologies and semantic web. We focus on the historical background and the methods of culture and civilization representation. In this regard, we studied the ancient concern to classify knowledge, from the biblical period when the Tree Metaphor concentrated the essence of knowledge, to the Francis Bacon classification and then Paul Otlet and we analysed the languages used in the scientific fields and then in the information science filed, emphasizing on the improvements of the ICT: hypertext and semantic web. We paid a special attention to the knowledge construction through math language and exchange standards. The reason of the approach comes from the logic and philosophic base of the knowledge representation that underline the idea that only properly structured scientific domains ensure the progress of the society.

Keywords: knowledge, classification, representation language, semantic web


Library History. History of Advertising

Agnes Erich - Constantin Brâncoveanu’s library of Hurez in the light of 300 years from his death

The libraries present in time in princely residences, boyars’ houses, schools and monasteries have preserved undeniable written evidence about the intellectual preoccupations of the Romanian reigning princes. This is how the passion for books, passed on from generation to generation among the Cantacuzinos, materialized as well in the spiritual preoccupations of Constantin Brâncoveanu, who was brought up by his mother, Stanca Cantacuzino, the daughter of the postelnic (Chamberlain) Catacuzino, and by his uncle, the stolnic (Seneschal) Constantin Cantacuzino. Thus, he will grow up and shape his personality in the residences of the Cantacuzinos of Filipeşti (Mărgineni) and Bucharest, where he must have had at hand large and precious book collections coming from the European area. This explains the establishment of the Library of Hurez in the monastic settlement bearing the same name.

Keywords: Brâncoveanu, Library of Hurez, Bucharest Bible

Cristina Popescu - Perspectives on Advertising in the Interwar Magazine "Arta şi tehnica grafică"

The interwar magazine Arta şi tehnica grafică [Art and Graphic Technique]: Buletinul Imprimeriilor Statului includes a variety of thematic topics related to: printing and book arts, history, literature, social life, culture and politics, being a magazine of high value with a definite graphic quality. The perspectives displayed by the review regarding advertising makes the approach interesting with strong connotations in the realities of the contemporary society and form the object of a concise analysis in the present study. The names of personalities and their studies in various specialties, published in this magazine, have contributed to its great value, although, constrained by historical circumstances, it ceased issuing very early. It enjoyed however a favourable reception by the Romanian intelligentsia owing to an interesting approach due to issues related to aspects with reference to book and print.

Keywords: interwar magazine Arta şi tehnica grafică, printing technique, history of advertising


Archive Documents

Laura Rodica Hîmpă - From the Activity of ‘Prince Carol’Royal Cultural Foundation 1922-1948 Archive Documents (II)

This research aims to emphasize the activity of the ‘Prince Carol’ Royal Cultural Foundation created in 1921 in order to lead to the emancipation of villages in particular and of the Romanian culture in a more general perspective. Overall, we may say that the period between the two world wars was marked, also due to the help of the Royal Cultural Foundation, by substantial progress in various fields of education, science and culture in general, and thus contributed to changing Romania into a state with a high level of culture and to creating an image and a prestige of the country that commanded worldwide respect. The research was done on the basis of the documents studied at the Service of the Central National Historical Archives (SANIC), the Stock of the ‘Prince Carol’ Royal Cultural Foundation and at the Library of the Romanian Academy.

Keywords: ‘Prince Carol’ Royal Cultural Foundation, documents, cultural centres, social service, philharmonic orchestra, museums, cinemas


New technologies and approaches in libraries

Octavia-Luciana Madge, Laura Coşerea - The Facebook challenge for public libraries in Romania

Social networks have rapidly won their place in our life and in the activity of many private and public organizations and institutions. At library level, social networks have demonstrated their role as good marketing tools and their utility for a better communication with users. Public libraries in Romania have lately experienced great transformations in terms of the approach of their relationship with the users and the improvement of their activity. They have also launched a series of new services in order to meet the needs of the community they serve and to attract new users. Implementing and using new applications such as online social networks, more exactly Facebook was one of these recent developments. This paper analyzes the way in which social networks are used at the level of public libraries in Romania by the example of three large public libraries and the way in which these libraries advertise their services through Facebook.

Keywords: public libraries, library services, communication, users, Facebook, social networks, Romania

Octavia-Luciana Madge, Laura Coşerea, Ana-Maria Modan - Communicating on Facebook: Romanian LIS Students’ Opinion on the Academic Libraries’ Use of Facebook

Many academic libraries have recently created a page on Facebook for better communicating with their users, especially the students. But what do students think about connecting with the library through a social networking site? This article presents the results of a small survey of undergraduates in the 1st and 2nd year of the Library and Information Science (LIS) Programme from the University of Bucharest, conducted in order to find out the students’ opinion about the academic library interacting with them via Facebook.

Keywords: academic libraries, Facebook, LIS students, Romania


Alternative readings

Brînduşa Nicolaescu - Rereading Norman Manea: A Lense on the Imaginary Mapping of his Works

Imbued with the nostalgia for ’Romania of the mind’ as reflected by the metaphor of ”snail’s house” the literary works addressed in our paper deal with a pervading acuteness of exilic consciousness of trans-location superseding the ambiguous ethnic (Jewish-Romanian-American). We attempt to follow the narrative/historical trajectories on the imaginary maps Manea’s works entail, bearing in mind such concepts as ”literary geography””spatial imagination” or ”projected spaces in fiction” based on (re)reading his texts with a special focus on the documentary value of (re)location.

Keywords: (re)reading, documentary value, migration and literature, geography of literature, fictional mapping, exile, identity

Silvia-Adriana Tomescu - A comparative reading of academic discourses (I)

The academic discourse as specific and specialized language, occurs in a formal space. We intend to illustrate that it is distinctive not only through a specific syntax but also through a specific semantic, which imposes norms of sense supposed to legitimate a kind of knowledge. Its main characteristic is the use of concepts of a certain generality as synthesis and integrity of the expression. Another characteristic which we intend to underline through comparative reading is the inter and trans disciplinary dimension which both legitimate an authentic academic discourse. In this regard, new problems about the pertinent and coherent delivery and understanding of academic discourse rise. As showed in its etymology, academia is the place where the various scientific communities meet and research, it is a place of conventionalism, marked by a specific language and style and that is the perspective that our comparative reading aims to underline.

Keywords: comparative reading, academic discourse, academic context