Studii de Biblioteconomie şi Ştiinţa Informării / Library and Information Science Research

ISSN 2392-8107
ISSN-L 1453-5386


Versiunea în limba română Library and Information Science Research


Version française


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No. 19/2015

Knowledge Representation

Silvia-Adriana Tomescu - Knowledge Representation from Classification Schema to Semantic Web (II)

We aim to approach in this essay the technical paths used to represent hibrid documents in online environment using specific standars. The multimedia contents increase and the diverse storage formats need refined instruments for the search and retrieval process. Dedicated applications require a high level of interperability therefore the necesity of standardization. This study tries to argument theoretically the need to set and reflect logically the media objects properties in metadata schema and to illustrate the importance of ontologies and taxonomies in online environment representation.

Keywords: mediacontent, metadata, taxonomies, ontologies, digital objects


The Role of Libraries and Librarians at present

Agnes Erich - The Public Library and its Role in the Community

The public library plays a vital role in the communities it serves, being the main institution providing information and documentation services under various forms and in different contexts. Thus, it contributes to the users' personal development through formal education, life-long learning, after-school activities, information culture, leisure time activities or access to information. Another aspect covered by the public library is related to social cohesion, the area of the institution becoming a meeting place and a community development center. Cultural identity and local identity are problems with a significant impact on the community and which need to be publicized by the public library, and imagination and creativity increase the interest of the public for cultural activities. All these demonstrate that a public library plays a special social role in the community, and the services offered by it foster the accomplishment of this role.

Keywords: public library, community, cultural services, personal development, education

Octavia-Luciana Madge - The Role of Librarians in Supporting the Clinical and Research Activity from the Perspective of Doctors

In the context of a wider research undertaken among doctors with regard to their information practices and the use of electronic information resources, this paper analyses the possibility of any collaboration between doctors in university clinics and the medical librarians. It also explores doctors' views regarding the possible role of the medical librarians working at the Central Library of the "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy-Bucharest and their potential integration as members within the clinical and research teams.

Keywords: medical librarians, doctors, access to information, information practices, information users, university clinics, Bucharest


Library Science Education

Elena Tîrziman - Modern Romanian Library Science Education

Library and Information Science celebrates 25 years of modern existence. An analysis of this period shows a permanent modernisation of this subject and its synchronisation with European realities at both teaching and research levels. The evolution of this subject is determined by the dynamics of the field, the quick evolution of the information and documenting trades in close relationship with science progress and information technologies. This major ensures academic training (Bachelor, Master, and Doctor) and post-graduation studies and is involved in research projects relevant for the field and the labour market. Exigencies of the information-related trades and the appearance of new jobs are challenges for this academic major.

Keywords: library and information science, information, academic curriculum, information careers

Claudia Pop - Library Science Education at the University of Oradea -an unfulfilled challenge

The vocation and the appropriate specialized training are the source of competence, love and passion for the work that they perform. Workers from libraries and other information structures can act convincingly and efficiently than being in possession of a thorough knowledge of librarianship - able to put in permanent relationship miscellaneous information that guides and stimulates the reader approach. Progressive computerized, the society had qualified intermediaries needs exchange of information, specialists in guiding users on all types of sources, able to synthesize an array of information according to expressed demand, build networks and systems.

Keywords: library science, University of Oradea, information society, program of studies


Histrory and Culture

Ionel Enache - The Marketing of Cultural Values

The current, fast and unpredictable changes required a rapid transformation of Marketing. Marketing 3.0 can be the solution. Marketing 3.0 is a cultural and social marketing, a marketing of high values: moral, legal, esthetic and a marketing of superior needs: peace, justice, spiritual accomplishments, all globally approached. The goal of Marketing 3.0 is to convince all commercial and cultural structures to get involved in creating the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): eradicating poverty, access to education, promoting the equality of the sexes, reducing infantile mortality, improving maternal health, fighting diseases, ensuring environment sustainability.

Keywords: marketing, marketing of services, cultural marketing, social marketing, marketing 3.0, values

Gabriela Toma - From the Prehispanic Codices to the Engravings Inspirited by Poems

This article debates the importance of shaping a community's identity and the artist's identity within one culture starting from the Prehispanic pictograms - where the sense allows itself to be discovered as the image is internalized, this double sense being similar to the reading of the works of Mexican artists Jose Guadalupe Posada, Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo similar to the engraving of the poems of Nichita Stanescu by Mircia Dumitrescu.

Keywords: codex, engraving, identity, duality, Jose Guadalupe Posada, transdisciplinarity

Niculina Vârgolici, Ioana Vasiloiu - Constantin Mavrocordat - Romanian Culture Promotor

For a long time the Phanariot age was considered a dark era and the reforming Prince Constantin Mavrocordat's modernizing activity almost ignored. The signification of the Phanariot Prince's reform policy has to be revalued in the European and Romanian context of the 18th century. The enlighted Prince would reform the administration, justice, fiscal system and education setting up unexistent institutions at that time in Romanian Countries. Both in history and especially in culture, his role as a reformer is undisputable. His efforts in modernizing the Romanian society carried out in a document published in "Mercure de France", 1742 with a suggestive title as Constitution. His reigns signified a renovating period of the political, social, administration and enlightment ideas.

Keywords: Constantin Mavrocordat, library, school, reform, institution, Constitution


Archives

Ioana Vasiloiu - Old and New Archives

Library and museum archives are real testimony of collective memory. Old or new, their "universe" is fascinating. They are the path to an almost forgotten world with all its cultural and intellectual problems or allow us to reconsider the social, historical, political and cultural present. The inestimable value of their manuscripts, books and periodicals made medieval Romanian library archives to be famous in that age. Its content figured out the Romanian humanist's vast intellectual activity and their connection to European values. Their remains, which can be found today especially at Romanian Academy Library, depict some aspects of Romanian medieval cultural life. Particularly, with its huge number of manuscripts, books and periodicals, the National Romanian Literature Museum archives contribute to Romanian history reconstruction from the commencement to present.

Keywords: archives, library, museum, culture, book, manuscript

Cristina Ioana Roiu - From Family Memories to Digital Archives - Europeana and the Educational Value of its Digital Collections

Mass digitisation of the collections held by GLAMs (Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums ) provide the users with huge historical, cultural, linguistical informational resources in digital format, which are more and more used in educational activities all over the world. The paper describes the experience and the outcomes of some non formal educational projects and activities associated with the creation and re-use of the digital archives Europeana 1914-1918 and Europeana 1989.

Keywords: educational values of the digital archives, crowdsourcing projects, students engagement, digital informational resources


Alternative Readings

Brînduşa Nicolaescu - Aesthetic, Ethical and Empirical Readings: Revisiting Dystopian Fiction (I)

Based on recent research in literary criticism, primarily a preoccupation for the literary response among the readers (students) in the academic milieu, this article attempts to propose different perspectives and discuss various levels of interpretation of dystopian fiction - going beyond the clichés that for instance have lead throughout the years to its confusion with the science fiction genre - reclaiming an increasing need for a specialized bibliography. We contend these literary works entail peculiar ethical considerations and ultimately they require a specific methodology close to a psychonarratological approach, namely empirical.

Keywords: critical response, specialized bibliography, literary interpretation vs. literal reading, aesthetic-ethical, dystopian fiction

Silvia-Adriana Tomescu - A Comparative Reading of Academic Discourses (II)

In this paper we aim to illustrate the conditions and especially the purposes of the didactic speech as part of academic discourse. During the teaching process the speech has a determined structure, a distinctive semantic and successfully transform the mind and behavior of the pupil or the student. It is a tool that must have an equal significance in order to produce the desired effect; it is a social act with formative value.

Keywords: didactic speech, semantics, adaptation process, learning